The Female Seminary served as a finishing school for the young ladies from surrounding farms, as well as for the daughters of merchants, attorneys, and doctors in the area. It served as an alternative for girls who were typically educated at home. In the beginning, the girls paid $12 a year for instruction in spelling, reading, writing and common arithmetic; $20 a year for English grammar, geography, history, moral philosophy, rhetoric; and $30 a year for Latin, Greek, algebra, and geometry, or natural philosophy, chemistry, and astronomy.
In 1971, the building was almost sold to a fast-food franchise. However, it was saved by a local woman, Mrs. Annette Williams Tucker, and has been restored. Today, the first floor serves as a meeting facility and rental space; and the second floor houses the Gwinnett History Museum. The Seminary is open 10am-4pm Monday-Thursdays. Admission is free, but donations are appreciated.